Contens №5-2017

Science and Technology

D.A. Gook, Head Director Supervisor of the High Voltage Test Centre, OJSC VNIIKP;
M.K. Kamensky, Cand. Sc. (Engineering), Deputy Division Manager, OJSC VNIIKP;
D.V. Koloskov, Researcher Fellow, OJSC VNIIKP;
V.L. Ovsienko, Cand. Sc. (Engineering), Deputy Division Manager, OJSC VNIIKP;
M.Yu. Shuvalov, Dr. Sc. (Engineering), Division Manager — Director of Research Area, OJSC VNIIKP
A comparative analysis of the dielectric properties and the electrochemical ageing resistance of MV cable EPR- and XLPE-based insulating systems

The electrical properties of EPR and XLPE insulations are compared step by step. Rogowski cups as well as full-scale MV cable samples are used as test objects. The EPR dielectric strength appeared to be 1.5 times lower than that of XLPE. It is limited by the same microscopic defects: semicon screen protrusions into insulation, foreign particles. Electrical breakdown of EPR is preceded by electrical treeing. Dielectric losses of EPR are considerably higher and cause thermal breakdown during electrical tests. Three methods are described for water tree disclosure together with the methods of microspectral analysis, which permit to measure the degree of electrochemical degradation inside water trees, developed by the authors.
It is concluded that EPR-insulated MV cables can occupy a worthy place in Russian cable market provided their quality and reliability are confirmed by all necessary tests.
Key words
ethylene-propylene rubber, cross linked polyethylene, dielectric strength, microscopic defects, dielectric losses, water treeing.
Yu. A. Zelenetsky, Technical Director of OJSC «Zavod «Microprovod» 
About the adhesion of the insulation of enameled wires with different temperature index

The change in the insulating coating adhesion to the copper conductor under the long-term exposure to a temperature within the range up to and above the temperature index of the tested enamel varnish is studied. With an enameled wire having a double-layer insulation of modified polyesterimide and polyamideimide varnishes as an example it is shown that the adhesion value may be used as a parameter determining the temperature index.
Key words
adhesion, breakdown voltage, temperature index, enameled wire.
A.F. Il’yushchenko, Dr. Sc. (Engineering), Professor, General Director of State Research and Production Association of Powder Metallurgy; 
V.M. Kaptsevich, Dr. Sc. (Engineering), Professor, Head of the Departament of Belarusian State Agrarian Technical University;
V.K. Korneeva, Assistant Professor of Belarussian State Agrarian Techical University
Copper cable scrap is raw stock for the production of permeable fibrous materials by powder metallurgy methods

The properties of recycled copper cable scrap were investigated. Its grain size distribution was determined. For each separated fraction the types of structure elements were defined and the dimensions (diameters and lengths) were measured.
The packed density bulk density, tapped density and microhardness values were established.
Key words
copper cable scrap, permeable fibrous materials, cable stripping and mechanical recycling, methods of cold and hot pressing from fibrous waste.


O.K. Barashkov, Technical Director of Zavod «Vestplast» Ltd.
About the necessity of developing standards for cable polymer compounds

The article gives a brief analysis of the current state in the field of standardization of cable plastics in Russia. It is stated that there is a significant lag in this area relative to the real technical level and range of materials used. The urgent need to develop a new national standard by adapting the European approach to the construction of standards for cable materials on a standard basis to the real situation in the Russian cable industry is emphasized.
Key words
standardization, cable plastics, median value, operating temperature, low-temperature properties, fire safety.
Product quality control

E.B. Vasiliev, Cand. Sc. (Economics), General Director of «Trade House VNIIKP» JSCcl.;
E.V. Lenskaya, Cand. Sc. (Philology), Director for Foreign Economic Activities, of «Trade House VNIIKP» JSCcl.;
I.B. Peshkov, Dr. Sc. (Engineering), Professor, Chairman of Board of Directors of OJSC «VNIIKP»
On the responsibility for the production and supply of counterfeit products. International practice

The paper describes the activities carried out to detect counterfeit products within the framework of the “Cable without danger” project. The international practice of combating the suppliers of counterfeit and substandard cable products is illustrated by the example of the situation in the metro system of Xian (China) and the subsequent reaction of the governmental authorities.
Key words
cable product quality, fake and counterfeit products, transport safety, metro system lines, investigation, governmental commission, unfair producers.
Cable world news

I.B. Peshkov, Dr. Sc. (Engineering), Professor, President of the International Association Intercable
About the state of development and production in some areas of cable technology

Report of the 54th general meeting of the International Intercable Association that was held on October 23-27, 2017 in Athens (Greece) and the scientific and technical symposium on the following subjects: «Cables for structured communication systems (LAN cables) and optical cables, production forecast, manufacturing equipment, materials»; «Cable wrapping, braiding and twisting equipment».


Назад Назад

| copyright Ltd "Zhurnal "Kabeli i provoda" |